is a border province in Southern Thailand, adjoining the state of
Kedah in Malaysia. It has been known as a principal sea port and
coastal trading post from time immemorial. As a historic town,
Songkhla has inherited ancient ruins, arts, and places of cultural
importance in addition to its unique tradition, dialect, and folk
entertainment, a reflection of its rich cultural heritage for later
generations to appreciate.
has fine beaches, enchanting waterfalls, and a tranquil lake - a
manifestation of its abundant natural resources. While Songkhla is
noted for its fishery industry, Hat Yai, the major district of the
province, serves as a transportation and communications hub of the
South, with this bustling town linking with various destinations in
the neighboring provinces and in Malaysia. Only 30 kilometers apart
and with contrastive characteristics, Hat Yai and Songkhla can be
ideal places for the tourist to visit: Hat Yai, a fast booming city
in trade and business, while Songkhla remains a sleepy town still
able to maintain its unique identity of ancient and historical
covers an area of 7,393.9 square kilometers (approximately 1,848,472
acres). It is divided into 16 administrative Amphoe (districts),
i.e. Amphoe Muang, Amphoe Hat Yai, Amphoe Chana, Amphoe Ranode,
Amphoe Bangklam, Amphoe Namom, amphoe Khlong Hoykhong, Amphoe
Nathawee, Amphoe Thepha, Amphoe Sabayoi, Amphoe Sadao, Amphoe
Rattaphoom, Amphoe Singha Nakhon, Amphoe Khuanniang, Amphoe
Rattaphum, and Amphoe Krasaesin. The population of the province is
to get there
A 950 kilometers road journey from Bangkok on Highway No. 4 takes
you past Prachuab Khirikhan, Chumphon, Surat Thani, and Nakhon Si
Thammatat to Songkhla. Several daily air-conditioned coaches and
non-air-conditioned buses leave Bangkok for Hat Yai and vice versa.
For further information, please call
Bangkok's Southern Bus Terminal : (02) 4351199, 4345557-8 or Hat Yai
Bus Terminal (074) 232404, 232789.
Train services linking Bangkok and Hat Yai include both rapid and
For further details, contact
Bangkok Railway Station (02) 2237010, 2237020 or Hat Yai Railway
Station (074) 243705, 246267-8, 243978.
International offers many flights daily between Bangkok and Hat
For information, please contact Thai
Airways International Bangkok Office (02) 2820060, 6282000 or Hat
Yai office : (074) 245851, 233433, 244282, 243711.
Festivals & Events
is celebrated on April 13th each year. The traditional festival is
held country- wide.
In Songkhla, the festival starts with the merit making ceremony by
participants respectfully pouring water on their venerable elders
and ending up with throwing water at each other. In Hat Yai, the
festival is held on Niphat Uthit 1, 2, or 3 Road from morning until
afternoon and the event is enjoyed not only by local residents but
also by Malaysian and Singaporean tourists who arrive in Hat
Yai in large number to celebrate this fun-filled event.
Celebrated by the Buddhists of the South, the Merit Making on the
Tenth Lunar Month festival originates from the belief that during
the waxing moon of the month, souls of the deceased ancestors are
allowed a period of freedom to visit their living relatives. It is
the duty of the living to prepare food and bring it to the temple to
make merit, In Sathing Phra, tall figurines representing venerable
elders respected by the villagers parade along together in the
Phra and Tak Bat Devo
The festival is celebrated by residents of Songkhla on the first day
of the waxing moon in the 11th lunar month (around October) in
Songkhla town. The festival starts one day early with the robing of
the pagoda on the top of Khao Tang Kuan. Early in the morning of the
festival day, hundreds gather on the hill and proceed down the
stairs to receive offerings from the faithful. Late morning is the
scene of processions of artistically decorated vehicles with Buddha
statue from temples in and around Songkhla. The vehicles are paraded
around the town and the faithful make merits by joining the
procession. Finally the decorated vehicles gather at Sra Bua (The
Lotus Pond) for competition.
Agricultural Products and Thai Fruit Festival
The festival is organized annually around October with the aim of
promoting agricultural products from various provinces in the South.
Fruits and other products are sold at cheap prices.
a Thai traditional event dating from the Sukhothai period. It is
held throughout the country on the 15th night of the
waxing moon of the 12th lunar month (around the middle of
November). The festival is held to honor the goddess of the river
and to make atonement for offenses made during the year. A float is
made from banana leaf or other buoyant material. Candles and incense
sticks, and even pieces of nail and coins are placed in the
"Krathong" to float away one's misfortunes. The fun-filled night
also features fireworks, float design competition, and the
Miss Noppamas beauty contest.