Introduction

Satun is a province in the South of Thailand that borders Malaysia. Situated on the west coast in the vicinity of the Straits of Malacca in the Indian Ocean. 
Satun is about 973 kilometers from Bangkok. Its total area of 2,478.98 square kilometers also encompasses 105 islands. The mainland's shoreline extends 144.80 kilometers in length.

Prior to A.D. 1813, Satun was a district of Kedah, known as Mukim Setul, meaning "the district of santol tree" Historical , Satun had a strong link with Kedah until A.D. 1909, under the Anglo-Siamese Agreement, when the Siamese government then agreed to relinquish the states of Kedah, Kelantan, Tregganu, and Perlis to Britain in exchange for the British's renunciation of its Extra-territorial Rights in Siam (former of Thailand). The consequence of the Anglo-Siamese Agreement shifted the status of Satun from being part of Kedah to that of Phuket and later in 1925 was under the jurisdiction of Nakhon Si Thammarat. When democratic reform was be one of the provinces in the South. Satun consists of six administrative districts (Amphoe) and one sub district (King amphoe): Amphoe Muang Satun, La-ngu, Thun Wa, Khuan Kalong, Khuan Don, Tha Phae; and King Amphoe Manang. The unique bi-cultural characteristics of the people in Satun reflect social harmony among the people of two faiths: Buddhists and Muslims. In addition, Satun also hosts the cultures of an indigenous group called Chao Le (Orak Lawoi, Orang Laut or Sea Gypsies) or an official label of Thai Mai (recently naturalized Thai) whose settlements can be found on Lipeh Islands, Tambon Ko Sarai, Amphoe Muang Satun; and on Bulone Island. These people observe distinctively different cultures and traditions from those of the local people.

Boundary

Satun is the southernmost province of Thailand on the west coast bordering Malaysia and other Amphoes and province as follows:

North:   borders Amphoe Rattapoom of Songkhla, Amphoe Pa bon of Phattalung and Amphoe Pa Lian of Trang.
East:    borders Amphoe Sadao of Songkhla and Perlis of Malaysia.
South:  borders Perlis of Malaysia.
 West:   borders Andaman Sea of India Ocean.

Distance from Amphoe Muang Satun to other Amphoes (districts)

La-ngu
Tha Phae
Khuan Don
Khuan Ka-long
Thung Wa
Manang Subdistrict
50 kms
28 kms
20 kms
29 kms
76 kms
65 kms

How to get there

By bus 
The Transportation Company Limited provides daily services both of non air-conditioned and air-conditioned buses, leaving from the Southern Bus Terminals at the third kilometer on Pinklao-Nakhonchaisi Road. 
Further information can be acquired by calling 435-1199, 435-1200
By Train 

Trains run daily from Bangkok to Hatyai. Visitors can take a taxi, bus, van to Satun
Contact :  Bangkok Railway Station , Tel. (02) 223-7010, 223-7020, 225-0300 Ext. 5100-3.
By plane
Thai Airways International offers daily flights from Bangkok to Hatyai. From Hatyai visitors can take a taxi, bus, van to Satun. Flight reservations can be made at Tel. (02)280-0060, 628-2000.

Information provided by Tourism Authority of Thailand

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