Province widely know as "Muang Pak Nam" is located at the mouth of
the Chao Phraya River, north to the Gulf of Thailand and twenty-five
kilometers from Bangkok. The whole area covers 1,004 square
kilometers of alluvial plain, crisscrossed by canals, causing some
areas to be flooded. The water in these canals is briny in the dry
season. Most of the area is covered with paddy fields and orchards,
with groves of Samae (a small tree of the family Myrsinaceae), prong
(a plant of the genus Cycas), the mangrove and nipa palms. Well
known goods from this province are “Khanom Chak” or
sticky rice wrapped by nipa palm leaves and dried gourami.
North-Connects with Bangkok Provinces.
South-Connects with The Gulf of Thailand Provinces.
East-Connects with Chacherngsao Provinces.
West-Connects with Samutsakorn Provinces.
of Samutprakarn Province is divided into five districts
- Muang Samutprakarn
- Bang Pli
- Phra Pradaeng
- Bang Boh
- Phra Samut Chedi.
was founded during the Ayutthaya Period. The administrative center
of the old community, known as Muang Prapadaeng, was in an area
currently the location of Prapadaeng District. It was a sea port for
foreign merchandise ships that traded with Thailand.
coast, forts, town moats and town-walls were constructed as a
stronghold against hostile forces. During the Thonburi Period, King
Tak Sin ordered dismantlement of the town-walls. In the Ratanakosin
Period, King Rama II was afraid that this town might have been used
by the enemy as a route to transport their troops and supplies. The
King thus had Muang Samutprakarn constructed in Tambon Paknam in
1819. The construction was completed in three years, with six forts
being built on both sides of the Chao Phraya River. Only three could
be finished in this reign -- Prakaisit Fort, Nagaraj Fort and Phi
Sua Samut Fort. King Rama II visited the site of construction
By the royal
command, a chedi, by the name of “Phra Samut Chedi,” was erected on
an island in the middle of the Chao Phraya River.
the King passed away before the completion of the whole new town,
leaving the construction to be resumed and completed in the reign of
King Rama III, with three more forts to be added – Tri Petch Fort,
Kongkapun Fort and Sua Sonlep Fort.King Rama V Pra Samut Chedi
renovated the height of the chedi being elevated, and one more fort
by the coast being built, named "Phra Chulachomklao Fort". At
present, only Phi Sua Smut Fort and Phra Chilachomklao Fort remain a
good condition whereas others are dilapidated.
How to get there
The Chao Phraya River, passing through Phra Pradaeng and Muang
Districts in Samutprakarn Province to the Gulf of Thailand, is a
waterway to Bangkok. Besides, there are numerous canals, namely,
Klong They, Klong Dan, Klong Samrong, Klong Sanpasamit, Klong
Pravesburirom and Klong Phro Ong Chao Chaiyanuchit.
Sukhumvit Road (the old route) is a highway from Bangkok leading to
bused : Por Or 6 (Pakkred-Phra
Pradaeng), Por Or 7 (Talad Phu-Samrong), Por Or 8 (Tha
Rajavoradit-Pak Nam), Por Or 11 (Bang Lumpu-Pak Nam), Por Or 13
(Ragsit-Phu Chao Samingplai), and Por Or 126 (Nontaburi-Samrong).
Festivals & Events
Samut Chedi Festival
is one of the most important festivals with
people from all over the country paying homage to the Chedi. This
annual festival lasts for nine days and nine nights, starting from
the fifth day of the waning moon, the eleventh lunar month of every
year. Before the festival, around the second day of the waning moon,
the eleventh lunar month, Phra Samut Chedi townspeople and Buddhists
in Samutprakarn Province would collaborate in sewing a large red
cloth to wrap around the chedi.
Pradaeng District's Songkran Festival
This annual event is held on the first Sunday
after Songkran Festival (April 13). The fesis the collaboration
between Phra Pradaeng townspeople and Phra Pradaeng Municipality.
The fes is organized in the same fashion and the folk tradition of
the Mon people.The festival features the procession of the Songkran
Maiden, merit-making by freeing birds and fish, and mon rum
Flower Receiving Festival of Bang Pli
This festival has handed down from one
generation to another in Bang Pli District. It is held annually one
day before the end of the Buddhist Rain Retreat -- that is the
morning of the fourteenth day of the waxing moon, the eleventh lunar
month, in Klong Samrong area. Traditionally, local people lining up
both sides of the canal will throw lotus flowers onto the boat
carrying the replica of Luang Poh To Buddha image. These lotus
flowers are meant as homage to the Triple Gem -- the Lord Buddha,
Dhamma and the Sangka. Besides, the Bang Pli local People will also
throw lotus flower onto visitors’ boats as a gesture to invite them
join in their merit-making.
Boat-race in front of Muang Phra Pradaeng
This boat-race has been continually organized
since Phra Pradaeng held the position of a province up until now.
The race falls on the fourth day of the waning moon, the eleventh
lunar month of every year.