is a very old town and used to be an important royal for a along
period of time. There were so many names by which to call this town
in the old days, such as, Phripphri, Phripphli or Phetchaphli.
Some historians have said that the name Phetchaburi could be the
original name because it is found on Stone Scrip-true No.1. It could
have been named after the Indian style, according to Indian
influence during those day, like some other towns in Thailand, such
as, Ayutthaya, Kanchanaburi, Suwannaphum. In addition, it is also
believed that the name Phetchaburi might have originated from the
Phetch River which is an important river of this town.
Phetchaburi is a central region
province, situated on the west shore of the Gulf of Thailand having
an overall area of 6,225.138 square kilometers. Its geographical
characteristics are mountainous thick jungles throughout the border
in the west where Tanaosi Range is the
line between Thailand and the Socialist Republic of the Union of
Myanmar. There is a plain all along the seashore in the east of
Changwat Samut Songkhram and Amphoe Pak Tho of Changwat Ratchaburi
to the north Amphoe Hua Hin of Changwat Prachuap Khirikhan to the
South and the sea-shore of the west side of the Gulf to Thailand to
the east. The total length of the Phetchaburi seashore from the
northern-most spot to southern-most spot is approximately 80
kilometers while the total length of the border line in Phetchaburi
dividing Thailand and Myanmar is approximately 120 Kilometers.
is administratively divided into 7 Amphoes and 1 King Amphoe, they
are : Muang, Cha-Am, Khao Yoi, Tha Yang, Ban Lat, Ban Laem, Nong Ya
Plong, and King Amphoe Kaeng Krachan.
The majority of the Phetchaburi
population has for its principal occupation agriculture, I.e., rice
farming, upland crop farming, fruit growing, palm sugar production
animal raising, and fisheries for both sea water and fresh water.
There are three important rivers in
Phetchaburi they are : "Phetchaburi River", having and overall
length of 44 kilometers and "Bang Tabun River", having an overall
length of 18 kilometers.
The average temperature of
Phetchaburi ranges from 16-38 degrees Celsius. There are most rains
from July to October.
How to get there
is accessible by car through two routes. One is to leave Bangkok
passing Nakhon Pathom and Ratchaburi to Phetchaburi totaling a
distance of 166 kilometers the other route is to leave Bangkok by
Highway No. 35, the Thonburi-Pak Tho Highway passing Samut Sakhon,
Samut Songkhram, Amphoe Pak Tho of Changwat Ratchaburi, then
making a left turn to join Highway No.4 on to Phetchaburi, totaling
a distance of 121 kilometers.
The Transport Company Limited (Bo Kho
So) operates a daily Bangkok Phetchaburi service. Detailed
information can be obtained from Tel. (02)435-1199 (air-conditioned
coach) and Tel. (02)434-5557-8 (non air-conditioned bus). The travel
time is approximately two hours. Moreover, one can travel via
several southern route buses, such as, Bangkok-Chumphon,
Bangkok-Prachuap Khirikhan and Bangkok-Hua Hin which also drop
passengers in Phetchaburi.
There are several trains daily
leaving Bangkok (from Hua Lamphong Railway Station) for Phetchaburi
and Cha-Am. Detailed information can be obtained from Travel Service
Section, Tel. (02)223-7010, 223-7020. From Tel.(02)441-3102 one can
obtain information from Thonburi Railway Station (Bangkok Noi) where
there are trains leaving for Phetchaburi every day too.