is an ancient city in southern Thailand. It is a land of mountains.
In town is Khao Ok Thalu, which is clearly visible from afar.
Phatthalung is regarded as the birthplace of the shadow play and the
Nora dance. From ancient times to the present, Phatthalung has been
closely linked to Songkhla Province, particularly in terms of
geography, history and migratory settlements through many ages.
During the Sri Vijaya period
(13th-14th Buddhist century), the Phatthalung community received
Indian cultural influence in the way of Mahayana Buddhism. In the reign
of King Ramathibodi I (U Thong) of Ayutthaya, Phatthalung became one
of twelve royal cities. Later during the reign of King Rama I
in the Rattanakosin period, the king had the Ministry of Defense
oversee Phatthalung, upgraded it to secondary city status and moved
it to the mouth of Pam River. When there was an administration
reform in the reign of King Rama V, Phatthalung prefecture came
under Nakhon Si Thammarat prefecture until 1924, when King Rama VI
relocated the city to Tambon Khuha Sawan where it has been ever
since. Upon the abolition of the prefecture system in 1933,
Phatthalung became a province outright. Phatthalung city is situated
on the west bank of Songkhla Lake, about 846 kilometers from
Bangkok. It has an area of 3,424.473 square kilometers and is
divided into 10 districts and 1 subdistrict, as follows: Muang
Phatthalung, Khuan Khanun, Pak Phayun, Kongra, Tamot, Khao Chai Son,
Pa Bon, Bang Kaeo, Si Banphot, Pa Phayom, and the subdistrict of Si
Nakhon Si Thammarat and Ranot in Songkhla
Rattaphum and Khuan
Niang in Songkhla and Khuan Kalong in Satun
Lake, Ranot, Krasae Sin, Sathing Phra, and Singhanakhon in
Nakhon Si Thammarat
(Banthat) mountain range, Huai Yot, Muang Trang, Na Yong, Yan Ta
Khao, and Palian in Trang
from Phatthalung city to nearby provinces
Nakhon Si Thammarati 99 kms.
Satun 134 kms.
Songkhla 121 kms.
Trang 56 kms.
Phatthalung city to its districts
Bang Kaeo 40 kms.
Si Banphot 35 kms.
Pa Bon 50 kms.
Khao Chai Son 28 kms.
Khuan Khanun 17 kms.
Kong Ra 40 kms.
Phayun 66 kms.
Pa Si Pa Phayom 38 kms.
Si Nakharin 16 kms.
Tamot 39 kms.
How to get there
From Bangkok, there are 2 ways. The first is via the Phetchakasem
National Highway No. 4 to Chumphon (Phathom Phon junction) into
Ranong, Phangnga, Krabi, Trang, and Phatthalung. The total distance
is 1,140 kilometers. The second route is to Chumphon and then onto
Highway No. 41 (Asia) to Phatthalung, a total distance of around 846
Transport Co. has daily Bangkok-Phatthalung services. Please call
tel. 4351199, 4351200 or (074) 612070
The southern line runs through Muang, Khuan Khanun, Khao Chai Son,
Pak Phayun, Pa Bon, and Bang Kaeo. Please call tel. 2237010, 2237020
or (074) 613106.
Phatthalung does not have an airport but can be accessed via those
in nearby provinces. Please call
International (Public) Co., Ltd. to make bookings at tel.
2800060, 6282000 or in Trang at tel. (075) 218066 or 219923, in
Nakhon Si Thammarat at tel. (075) 311158, 342491 or 343874, and in
Hat Yai at tel. (074) 245851-2, 243711, or 233433.
Festivals & Events
Rua-Lae Nok Thale Noi Festival
was first held in 1998 as a special activity to mark the Amazing
Thailand project and promote the most important tourist destination
of Phatthalung. The festival consists of eco-tourism activities
lasting 1 month (14 February-15 March) when there are plenty of
birds and Thale Noi is at its most beautiful. The festival takes
place in the Thale Noi Non-hunting area. Daily activities include
boating on long-tailed boats to observe flora and fauna, local
performances, agricultural produce for sale, demonstrations of
native life, and an assortment of local products for sale.
Phon Lak Phra Festival
is the most important festival
of the province. This popular Buddhist tradition is held at the end
of the Buddhist Lent
when people have a Buddha image procession by land or water.
Phatthalung normally has a land procession accompanied by drums to
give the procession a good rhythm. When a procession from one temple
passes another temple, the procession participants will challenge
the temple people to come out and see who can beat drums to give the
best rhythm. This tradition has evolved to become a grand festival
of Phatthalung. It is held every October. Processions will go take
Buddha images throughout Phatthalung city. The festival is held at
Phatthalung Provincial Stadium and Saen Suk Lam Pam beach in Amphoe
Muang. Activities of the festival include drum competitions of
temples in the province, dramatic arts, boat procession contest,
folk plays, religious ceremonies, water sports on Lam Pam Lake such
as boat races and water boxing, exhibitions, and arts and culture
demonstrations of Phatthalung and nearby provinces like reed mat
making and coconut shell products.