is a primarily agricultural province in the south of Thailand. The
chief cash crop is rubber, and rubber plantations cover a
considerable area, especially noticeable along the roads. Aside from
that, however, large areas are also given to food crops.
Considerable amounts of rice, vegetables and fruits are produced in
Phang-Nga. Phang-Nga province has an area of 4,170 sq. kms., a large
part of which is forest.
North: borders Ranong Province and
Surat Thani Province.
South: borders Phuket Province and the Andaman Sea.
East: borders Surat Thani Province and Krabi Province.
West: borders the Andaman Sea.
From Phang-Nga city to nearby
- Ranong 226 kms.
- Surat Thani 196 kms.
records reveal that before establishment of the current dynasty in
the late 18th Century, the area called Phang-nga was a
district attrached to Takuapa, the leading town thereabouts.
Then with the beginning of the Rattanakosin Dynasty, during the
reign of Rama I, Phang-nga was given equal status with Takuapa and
another nearby town, Takuatung, and all three were removed from the
government's Harbor Department and put under the Ministry of
The best evidence indicates that
Phang-nga was officially established in 1809 during the reign of
Rama II, when one of the periodic wars with Burma was reging.
The king there, Padung Kasatri, appointed Ah Terng Woon to lead an
invasion force for attack on Thailand's southern towns. The
ship-borne army carried off the populations of Takuatung, and
Thaland (in Phuket). Thalang was razed to the ground. An
army under the direction of a royal prince was therefore sent from
Bangkok to drive of the attackers.
the war was raging some of the local people took refuge at a place
then called Kra Ph-nga *(Malay for river mount of Pu-nga) protected
on all sides by mountains. After the razing of Thalang, it was
the government's view that Thailand's hold on the area had weakened,
and that a new town should be established in its stead. Thus
the citizenry left in the Thalang area was instructed to move to Kra
Pu-nga and register themselves as being resident there. There
is still a villages in what is today Takuatung District called
Thalang founded by those immigrants from Phuket. The new city
was put under the administration of the government in Nakorn Sri
During the reign of Rama III, the
central government thought to strengthen the southwest coastal town
that were prey to successive Burmese attacks by appointing a
governor for the province who reported directly ot Bangkok.
Praya Borirak Puton (Sang Na Nakorn) thereby became first governor
of Phang-nga in 1840. In the same year, Takuatung was reduced
in status and became merely a district of Phang-nga.
during this period tin mining was booming, and as one of the most
tin-rich of Thailand's tin bearing locales, Phang-nga attracted
increasing attention from the central government because of its
importance as a foreign exchange earner. When the worldwide
economic depression of the 1930s struck.
Thailand, Phang-nga's status was
further enhanced by incorporation of Takuapa as a district (1931).
One of Phang-nga Town's most beautiful old buildings is the
Provincial Hall. The first such structure was built in Ban
Chai Kai; a larger one was constructed in 1930 at Ban Tai Chang.
The present structure near Poong Chang Cave was built in 1972.
of Phang-nga's name is thought to have resulted from foreign tin
buyers' and operators' confusion with the way it was formerly
written on maps, Pu-nga in which the old long '00' sound is not
clearly expressed. If pronounced with a short '00' it is very
close to present pronunciation.
How to get there
From Bangkok, take Route 4,
passing Prachuab Khirikan, Chumpon, and Ranong. Total distance is
788 kms. and travel time to Phang-Nga Town is approximately 12
From Phuket, use route 402, pass
the parallel spans of Sarasin and
Thao Thep Krasatri Bridges. You are now in Phang-Nga province.
To go on to the provincial capital, go north to the town of Koke
Kloy. Turn right (at Bangkok Bank), and follow Route 4 to Phang-Nga
Town. You will pass Takua Thung along the way and cover a distance
of 87 kms. Travel time is about 90 minutes
By Air & Non-Air
leave the Southern Bus Terminal Tel. (02)
Festivals & Events
Phang-nga Province has an annual 7-day Turtle Releasing Festival in
March. Turtles raised by the Fisheries Dept. are released by
festival participants into the sea at Thai Muang Beach.