Nakhon Si Thammarat, the second largest city of the greatest history and background above any other town in the region due to its status as a first grade city controlling various subjected cities and towns, a place that houses Lord Buddha’s relics which is the most important statutory place of the south, being the center of Buddhism during Sivichaya period, is located some 861 kms. by railroad and 780 kms. by highway from Bangkok. It occupies an area of 9,942.5 square kilometers having high plateau with mountains and jungles in the west then sloping down towards the east and becoming basin along the coastline of the Gulf of Thailand. It borders Surat Thani to the north; Trang, Phattalung and Songkhla to the south; the Gulf of Thailand to the east; and Krabi to the west.

Distances from Nakhon Si Thammarat to nearby provinces

Surat Thani 
134 kilometers
123 kilometers
112 kilometers
161 kilometers
233 kilometers
366 kilometers

How to get there

By Car
Take Highway No. 4 on the Bangkok-Prachuap Khiri Khan-Chumphon route and then Highway No. 41 past Surat Thani-Thung Song until arriving in Nakhon Si Thammarat or Amphoe Phun Phin in Surat Thani, then take Highway No. 401 along the coast to Nakhon Si Thammarat.
By Train
There are rapid and express trains from Bangkok Railway Station to Nakhon Si Thammarat.  
For more information, contact tel. 2237010, 2237020 or call Nakhon Si Thammarat train station at tel. (075) 356364, 346129.
By Bus
Regular and air-conditioned buses of the Transport Co. and private companies depart from the Southern Bus Terminal on Borom Ratchachonnani Road.  
For more information, contact tel. 4351199 (air-conditioned buses) and 4345557-8 (regular buses).

By Air
Thai Airways International Public Co., Ltd. (THAI) has daily return flights between Bangkok and Nakhon Si Thammarat.  
For more information, contact THAI at tel. 2800060 and THAI Nakhon Si Thammarat at tel. (075) 342491, 343874.

Travel within the province is easy with mini-bus service around the city.  Transport to nearby provinces includes vans, taxis, buses, and trains.

Festivals & Events

Hae Pha Khun That Festival
is celebrated at Phra Borom That Chedi.  The pagoda is considered to be the representative of Lord Buddha and is believed by locals to possess unsurpassed might of righteousness as it contains holy relics.  Every year Buddhists pay homage to the pagoda by organizing a procession bearing a religious cloth to wrap around the pagoda to bring good fortune and success.  This festival is held twice a year during Makha Bucha Day (the 15th full-moon night of February) and Wisakha Bucha Day (the 15th full-moon night of May).


Festival of the Tenth Lunar Month
is a grand event of the province and of southern Thailand.  This festival is held from the 1st waning-moon night to the 15th waning-moon night  every September.  It is held to pay respect to deceased ancestors.  According to Buddhism beliefs, the dead had many sins and was sent to hell to become a demon.  The demons are allowed to come up to meet their relatives for15 days  in September,  but must return to hell before sunrise of the 15th day.  The living try to appease the spirits by taking food to temples to make merit.  Beginning on the 13th day, people will go shopping for food to be given.  The 14th day is spent preparing and decorating the food tray, and the 15th day is the actual merit-making day.  The tray presented nowadays has elaborate designs but still retains traditional components.  Contests to find the most beautiful tray are held.  A magnificent procession proceeds along Ratchadamnoen Road on the 14th day.

Chak Phra of Lak Phra Festival
is influenced by Indian culture, which expanded into the province a long time ago.  The festival signifies the joy that people had when Lord Buddha returned from the heaven and the Lord was invited to sit on a throne and carried to a palace.  In practice, locals would bear a Buddha image holding a bowl in a procession around the city.  Held in October, the festival is preceded by activities 7 days before, such as beating drums, playing castanets and decorating the ceremonial throne for the image.  The actual ceremony is usually held only on the last day of the Buddhist lent.  People would take the image from the temple in the morning and proceed to Benchama Rachuthit School in Amphoe Muang.  This is also done in front of Ron Phibun district office.  In addition, there is a water-borne procession on Pak Phanang River in Pak Phanang, which coincides with an annual boat race for a trophy from the Crown Princess.

Information provided by Tourism Authority of Thailand

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