Introduction
Krabi is a southern province on Thailand's Andaman seaboard with perhaps the country's oldest history of continued settlement. After dating stone tools, ancient colored pictures, beads, pottery and skeletal remains found in the province's many cliffs and caves, it is thought that Krabi has been home to homo sapiens since the period 25,000 - 35,000 B.C. In recorded times it was called the 'Ban Thai Samor', and was one of twelve towns that used, before people were widely literate, the monkey for their standard. At that time, c. 1200 A.D., Krabi was tributary to the Kingdom of Ligor, a city on the Kra Peninsula's east coast better known today as Nakhon Si Thammarat.
    At the start of the Rattanakosin period, about 200 years ago, when the capital was finally settled at Bangkok, an elephant kraal was established in Krabi by order of Chao Phraya Nakorn (Noi), the governor of Nakhon Si Thammarat, which was by then a part of the Thai Kingdom. He sent his vizier, the Phra Palad, to oversee this task, which was to ensure a regular supply of elephants for the larger town. So followers many emigrated in the steps of the Phra Palad that soon Krabi had a large community in three different boroughs : Pakasai, Khlong Pon, and Pak Lao. In 1872, King Chulalongkorn graciously elevated these to town status, called Krabi, a  word that preserves in its meaning the monkey symbolism of the old standard. The town's first governor was Luang Thep Sena, though it continued a while as a dependency of Nakhon Si Thammarat. This was changed in 1875, when Krabi was raised to a fourth-level  town in the old system of Thai government. Administrators then reported directly to the central government in Bangkok, and Krabi's history as a unique entity separated from the other provinces, had begun.
    During the present reign, the corps of civil servants, the merchants, and the population generally of  Krabi and nearby provinces have together organized construction of a royal residence at Laem Hang Nak Cape for presentation to His Majesty the King. This lies thirty kilometers to the west of Krabi Town on the Andaman coast.

Administration 
Krabi is divided into eight districts : Amphoe Muang (Krabi Town), Khao Panom, Khlong Thom, Plai Phraya, Ko Lanta, Ao Luk, and Lam Thap and, Nhua Khlong. 

Size, Location and Boundaries 
Krabi is on the Andaman Sea coast of south-west Thailand, 
between 7' 30" and 8' 30" north latitude, and 98' 30" and 99' 30" west longitude. 
Total area is 4,709 square kilometers bounded thus :

North  - Connects with Phang-nga and Sura Thani Provinces.
South  - Connects with Trang Provinces and the Andaman Sea.
East  - Connects with Trang and Nakhon Si Thammarat Provinces.
West  - Connects with Phang-nga Provinces and the Andaman Sea.

Distances from Krabi to

nearby provinces     its districts
Phang Nga
Phuket
Trang
Phattalung
Surat Thani
Nakhon Si Thammarat
Satun
 - 86 kms.
 - 176 kms.
 - 131 kms.
 - 193 kms.
 - 211 kms.
 - 233 kms.
 - 276 kms.
Ao Luk
Plai Phraya
Khao Panom
Khlong Thom
Ko Lanta
Lam Thap
Nua Khlong
 - 43 kms.
 - 66 kms.
 - 39 kms.
 - 42 kms.
 - 45 kms.
 - 67 kms.
 - 17 kms.

Population
Krabi's estimated population, as of September 1999, is 344,610

Geography
Krabi's mountainous physical geography is broken by highlands and plains on the mainland.The provincial administration also covers more than 130 islands in the Andaman Sea. Natural forest cover is chiefly mangrove and Cassia trees. Krabi's sandy clay soil conditions are perfect for a variety of agricultural products, including rubber trees, palms, mangos, coconuts, and coffee. The Krabi River flows 5 kilometers through the city and falls into the Andaman at Tambon Pak Nam. There are other streams as well : the Khlong Pakasai, the Khlong Krabi Yai and the Khlong Krabi Noi  in the province's highest range of mountains, the Khao Phanom Bencha. 

Climate 
Weather in Krabi is typically that of the tropical monsoon, providing the province with just two seasons, the hot season from January to April, and the rainy season from May to December. Monsoon winds, which change according to season, blow from the southeast, the southwest, and the northeast. Temperatures range between 16.9 and 37.3 degrees Celsius and the yearly rainfall averages 2,568.5 millimeters.

Getting there
By Car
From Bangkok take Route 4, passing Phetchaburi, Prachuap Khirikhan, Chumphon, Ranong, and Phangnga Provinces before reaching Krabi a total distance of 946 kilometers. An alternate route is to take Route 4 to Chumphon and then turn onto Route 41. This leads through Lang Suan and Chaiya Districts of Chumphon to Wieng Sa District of Surat Thani from there follow Route 4035, passing Ao Luk District of Krabi, back onto Route 4, and down to Krabi Town. This shortcut is just 814 kilometers, and is followed by the bus services. 
From Phuket Take Route 402 to Route 4 and pass Tambon Kok Kloy of Takua Thung District in Phang-nga Thap Pud District, Phang-nga and enter Ao Luk District of Krabi the total distance is 185 kilometers. Regarding bus transport from Phuket, contact, Tel.(076)211480.

By Bus
Buses leave Bangkok for Krabi daily in the evening. The journey takes about 12 hours. The fare for 24 seats air-conditioned bus is 655 Baht, and 446 and 421 Baht for 40 seat air-conditioned bus and 234 Baht for non air-conditioned bus. Contact Bangkok Southern Bus Terminal (Borommaratchonnani Road) at Tel.(02) 435-1199, 435-5061 (air-conditioned bus) and (02) 4345557 (non air-conditioned bus).

By Train
From Bangkok Railway Station take the train to one of the following stations : Trang, Phun Pin in Surat Thani Province, or Thung Song in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. From any of these places a bus may be taken onward to Krabi. Regarding train schedules and costs, contact  Bangkok Railway Station , Tel.(02)223-7010, 223-7020.

By Air

Bangkok - Krabi

 

Krabi - Bangkok

Price
Airline Flight No. Dep. Arr. Days   Flight No. Dep. Arr. Days One way Baht Round trip Baht
Thai Airways TG 249 08.10 09.30 Daily   TG 250 10.10 11.30 Daily 2,120 - 2,920 4240 - 5840
Thai Airways TG 259 16.10 17.30  5 6 7   TG 260 18.10 19.30 5 6 7 2,120 - 2,920 4,240

Days: 1 - Monday, 2 - Tuesday, 3 - Wednesday, 4 - Thursday, 5 - Friday, 6 - Saturday, 7 - Sunday

Festivals & Events
Andaman Sea Festival
This Festival takes place in November and celebrates the opening of the tourist season in Krabi. Water sport competitions, cultural shows, and good-natured fun are the schedule.

The Setting Adrift of the Chao Le Boats
Takes place on Ko Lanta during the full moon night of the sixth and eleventh lunar months. This is a religious rite performed by Sea Gypsies or "Chao Le" who gather on the beach near Ban Saladan Village. They dance their famous "rong ngeng" round the boats to be set adrift. Ceremonies feature singing and dancing. The reason for the fest is to bring prosperity and happiness to the participants. 

Information provided by Tourism Authority of Thailand

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