Chaiyaphum Province is located
almost at the center of Thailand in the northeastern region. lts
size ranks third in the region and eighth in the country. The
province has a total area of 12,778.3 square km. or 7,986,429 Rai.
It is 342 km. From Bangkok.
Approximately 50% of Chaiyaphum is
mountains and forests. The rest is a plateau. Chaiyaphum is divided
into 2 parts by the mountain range that runs through the center of
the province form east to west which comprises Phu Yuak, Phu E Thao,
Phu Lankha, Phu Phang Hoei and connects with Phu Phraya Fo which is
part of the Petchabun Mountain Range. The range goes through Amphoe
Thep Sathit, Amphoe Nong Bua Daeng and Amphoe Khon San. The main
rivers are Chi River which originates in a thick jungle in Amphoe
Nong Bua Daeng and Phrom River which comes from a thick jungle in
Amphoe Khon San. They are important rivers of the Northeast.
|Petchabun and Khon Kaen
Nakhon Ratchasima Province.
Khon Kaen and Nakhon Ratchasima Province.
Petchabun and Lop Buri Province.
Chaiyaphum city of
city to its districts
- Nakhon Ratchasima
- Ban Khawao
- Ban Thaen
- Kaeng Khro
- Kaset Sombun
- Khon San
- Khon Sawan
- Nong Bue Daeng
- Nong Bua Raheo
- Phakdi Chumphon
- Phu Khiao
- Thep Sathit
- Noen Sa - Nga
- Sab Yai Subdistrict
Chaiyaphum is an old
city dating back to the time when the Khmer Empire was the pinnacle
of its power. The city was a lesser city of the empire. Some of the
sites from those That Kut Chok.
Ayutthaya was the capital, Chaiyaphum appeared on a map during the
reign of King Narai the Great as a city under the administration of
Nakhon Ratchasima. However, people later moved out to find new homes
and left the city deserted. Chaiyaphum then reappeared during the
time of king Rama ll. in the Rattanakosin Era. In 1817. Lae, a
nobleman in Chao Anuwong’s ( Lord of Vientiane) court. took his
family and friends across the Makhong River to settle at Ban Nong
Nam Khun ( Nong E Chan) which is in the area of Amphoe Sung Noen in
Nakhon Ratchasima now. in 1819, when too many people has migrated
there, Lae moved everyone to a new location at Non Nam Om, Ban Chi
Long . All through that time, Lae continued to provide offerings to
Chao Anuwong to show his loyalty. At first it was rice but was later
given gold when it was dug up at Khao Phraya Fo. as a result, Lae
was promoted to Khun Phakdi Chumphon. Lae moved his settlement once
again in 1822 because of drought to Nong Pla thao and Nong Lot,
which combined was called Ban Luang, and turned to display loyalty
Nakhon Ratchasima Province and provided offerings to King Rama lll
instead, and proclaimed the city free from Chao Anuwong forever.
King Rama lll rewarded Khun Phakdi Chumphon by making Ban Luang
Chaiyaphum City and promoting him to Phraya Phakdi Chumphon and made
him the city’s first lord.
Anuwong organized a rebellion against King Rama lll and formed
troops to attack Bangkok. He lied to cities along his route that he
was rounding up military support to help Bangkok fight the British.
Nakhon Ratchasima was subsequently overtaken in 1826. When the
secret was out that Chao Anuwong and his troops were rebels, he
gathered all the people of Nakhon Ratchasima to take them back to
Vientiane. While at Thung Samrit, the captives under the leadership
of Khunying Mo, the wife of Nakhon Ratchasima’s lord, fought back
with the support of Phiraya Phakdi Chumpon and lords of nearby
cities until they defeated Chao Anuwong.
Nonetheless, A remnant
of Chao Anuwongs forces retreated from Nakhon Ratchasima and
captured Chaiyaphum. After failing to persuade Phraya Phakdi
Chumphon to join the rebellion, the invaders killed him under a big
tamarind tree at Nong Pla thao. A shrine built by the city’s
citizens is a tribute to this man is 3 km. from the provincial hall.
The shrine is in the shape of a Thai pavilion and has a statue of
Phraya Phakdi Chumphon which is highly revered.
How to get there
From Bangkok Railway Station (Hua Lamphong), there are express and
rapid Bangkok - Nong Khai trains running daily. Visitors can get off
at Bua Yai Station and take a bus for 51 km. More to Chaiyaphum.
For details, please call the Train Service
Section at tel. 2237010 and 2337020
From Bangkok, take Highway No.1 (Phahonyothin Road), turn right at
Saraburi onto Highway No.2 (Mittraphap Road) past Amphoe Pak Chong.
Then take a left onto Highway No.201 past Amphoe Si Kheo, Amphoe Dan
Khun Thot and into Chaiyahum at Amphoe Chaturat straight to Amphoe
Muang. The total distance is 332 kms.
From Nakhon Ratchasima, take Highway No.2 (Mittraphap Road) past
Tambon Cho Ho. Then turn left onto Highway No.205 past Amphoe Non
Thai to the interesection at Tambon Nong Bua Khok in Amphoe
Chaturat. Then turn right onto Highway No.201 to Chaiyaphum. The
total distance is 119 kms.
The Transport Co. operates a daily Bangkok - Chaiyaphum bus
For more information, call tel. 2710101-5
(regular bus) and 2794484-7 (air - conditioned bus).
Festivals & Event
annual Chao Poh Phraya Lae Festival
is held to commemorate the virtues of Phraya Lae, the founder
of Chaiyaphum. During 12-20 January of each year, celebrations are
organized at the grounds in front of the Town Hall and at the Chao
Poh Phraya Lae Monument junction. Rites are performed to pay homage
to the spirit of the Chao Poh , and there are elephant parades and
processions from various districts. Exhibition stalls are put up by
private and government agencies and an agricultural contest is held.
The Ram Phi Fah traditional dance
is performed in groups at Phu Phra where the highly revered Phra
Chao Ong Tue , a Buddha statue carved in sandstone is enshrined .
About 2 meters tall , it is celebrated during the 13th to 15th day
of the 5th lunar month or April and also on Khao Pansa and Ok Pansa
(beginning and ending of the Buddhist Rain Retreat).
Pay homage to Chao Poh Phraya Lae
is held at the Nong Pla Tao Shrine during 12-20 of May every year.
Villagers flock to the shrine to perform homage paying rites and
stage dances in his honor.